Cecil John Rhodes PC (5, July, 1853 - 26, March, 1902) was a British colonial administrator, industrialist, property magnate, and politician. He served as managing Director of the British South Africa Company, and fifth Prime Minister of Cape Colony.
Rhodes founded the British South Africa Company and under the authority of a Royal Charter, established the colony of Rhodesia, and commanded the company's forces during the Second Matabele War, and at the city of Kimberly during the Second Boer War.
Early Life Edit
Cecil John Rhodes was born at Bishop's Shortford, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom on 5, July, 1853 to Reverend Francis William Rhodes, a Church of England clergyman and his wife Louisa. Rhodes received his elementary education at Bishop's Shortford Grammar School, and attended for six years until the age of fifteen.
On 23, June, 1870, Cecil and his brother Herbert traveled to the Colony of Natal in South Africa, where they intended to become planters. However, they quickly learned that the regional climate was unsuitable for cotton and abandoned their venture.
In October, 1871, Rhodes and his brother journeyed to the diamond fields of Kimberly in search of sustainable means. Financed by N.M. Rothschild & Sons, Rhodes invested heavily into diamond mining companies over the following seventeen years, before eventually amalgamating all minor companies in the region.
In 1873, Rhodes attended Oxford University in England, and diligently completed his studies during while he attended. Returning after one term to fulfill his obligations to his company. In 1890, he secured his monopoly on the world's diamond supply after forming a strategic partnership with the Diamond Syndicate.
In 1896, Rhodes began financing the Pioneer Fruit Company with Harry Pickstone, an Englishman who had previously managed an orchard in California. He successfully dominated the fruit export industry, expanding the company into Rhodes Orchards and securing a deal with shipping magnate Percy Goldstein.